Lying is the act of concealing the truth . Most people do so out of fear. Pathological lying is considered a mental illness, because it takes over rational judgement, and progresses into the fantasy world and back.
Excessive lying is a common symptom of several mental illnesses. For instance, people who suffer from antisocial personality disorder, use lying to benefit from others. Some individuals with borderline personality disorder, lie for attention by claiming they’ve been treated poorly. Pathological lying, on the other hand, can be described as an addiction to lying. It is when an individual consistently lies for no personal gain. The lies are commonly transparent and often seem rather pointless.
There are many consequences for being a pathological liar. Due to lack of trust, most of their relationships and friendships fail. And, if it continues to progress, their lying could get them into trouble with the law.
Psychotherapy appears to be one of the only methods to treat a person suffering from pathological lying. There has been no research done about pharmaceutical medication, to potentially help decrease patients lying. Some research has been done, that suggests some people may have a “predisposition to lying”.
Pathological lying is a complex phenomenon; differing from any other mental illness. It has many life changing consequences for those having to live with the illness. At this point, however, there is not enough research in the area of pathological lying, to guarantee a cure.